There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. There is no cure for Type 1 diabetes, which is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin, the hormone necessary to process the sugar the body takes in. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes can be lessened and possibly even prevented with conscientious lifestyle choices and medical supervision. While there is a slight risk of genetic predisposition to the disease, for the most part, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes is largely dependent on your lifestyle, which may include these risk factors –
If your diet consists of fast or processed foods, excessive sodium, alcohol or foods that are high in trans fats, you are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. If you really want to reduce your risk, consume a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, nuts, whole grains, and lean meats.
A Sedentary Lifestyle
Exercise or physical activity gets your blood going and allows your muscles to use the glucose in your bloodstream to prevent glucose build-up. The more you exercise, or simply stay in motion, the less your risk becomes of developing type 2 diabetes.
If you were careless as a youth with diet, exercise and medical monitoring, chances are you may have type 2 diabetes and not even know it by the time you reach adulthood. Because symptoms usually become more pronounced with age, you may find that by the time you are 45, you will have been diagnosed as either having type 2 diabetes or have been determined to be pre-diabetic.
High Levels of Bad Cholesterol and High Blood Pressure
Cholesterol can be either “good” or “bad.” The high-density lipoprotein (HDL) “good” cholesterol works to remove the “bad” low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol that can build up and cause the blockages in your arteries that can result in stroke or heart attack. Foods rich in LDL – bacon, alfredo sauces, red meats, and buttered popcorn, to name a few – can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In fact, studies show a link between good/bad cholesterol levels and insulin resistance, which is a precursor to type 2 diabetes.
Being overweight puts you at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. That’s because fat cells are more resistant to insulin than muscle cells. Simply put, the more you exercise, the more sugar your body uses that would no longer be diverted to excess fat cells.
When it comes to your weight, it’s not only what the scale says, but where the weight is located on your body. Those who carry their weight around their midsection are more likely to suffer from obesity and its related symptoms – which includes type 2 diabetes – than someone whose weight is more evenly distributed throughout their body.
Having gestational diabetes while you were pregnant puts women at increased risk of getting type 2 diabetes in later years.
If there is a history of familial type 2 diabetes, there is a higher risk you can get it too. Most often this is due to sharing behaviors and diet. However, just because a relative has diabetes, it doesn’t mean you are 100 percent vulnerable. If you notice your family exhibiting any of the previously mentioned behaviors, such as advocating a sedentary lifestyle or favoring unhealthy eating habits, it may be time to institute a more healthy lifestyle for yourself and those you love.
Type 2 Diabetes Prevention in Raleigh
If in fact, your doctor has informed you that you either have type 2 diabetes or are currently pre-diabetic, the time to take action is now. At PAI Wellness Group, Dr. Asha Pai Bohannon is a Certified Diabetes Educator who uses an individualized, 360-degree holistic approach to help her patients manage their health and wellness issues. She is especially focused on and adept at helping men and women manage type 2 diabetes. If you are seeking an innovative, proven wellness service, call PAI Wellness Group at (919) 529-3355 or use our secure online form.